you can see answer on the book Janson, H. W., Penelope J.E. Davies, et al. Janson’s History of Art: The Western Tradition, Volume II, 8th edition. for the answer make sure do the summary every each question
1.According to the author, how did the study of Roman and Greek art profoundly change the culture and art of Europe beginning with Italy in the fourteenth century?
2.How did 15th-century Northern European artists use objects depicted in painting to convey spiritual or secular meaning? Give an example of possible meaning(s).
3.Name and describe an example of sculpture or architecture from Fifteenth-century Italy that features classical characteristics. What did the artist/architect intend by including classical features?
4.How did High Renaissance artists such as Leonardo, Michelangelo, and others make figures in painting appear lifelike? In other words, what methods or practices did they use to make things appear three-dimensional on a two-dimensional surface?
5.How did Mannerist artists working during the Late Renaissance set themselves apart from those of the High Renaissance?
6.What is absolutism? How was Baroque art possibly used as a style of absolutism? Give an example mentioned in the text.
7.What is Neoclassicism? From what did it gain artistic inspiration? What modern philosophy gave Neoclassicism its conceptual reinforcement?
8.How was the Napoleonic era a catalyst for French Romanticism?