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Q 1 OF 20

Judicical review is the practice of ?

A.periodic review of presidential foreign policy by individual justices. of supreme court decisions by congress.

C.systematic evaluation of lower court decisions by the supreme court.

D.determination by the federal courts of the constitutionality of state and federal law and of action by congress and the president.


Q 2 of 20

which of the following was NOT an author of the Federalist Papers ?

A.John Jay

B.James Madison

C.George Washington

D.John Adams


Q 3 OF 20

Despite the principle of separation of powers, which of the following is an example of the president’s (the executive legislative powers )?

A.The power to set tariffs on imported goods.

B.The power to recommend measures to Congress

C.Executive review of Supreme Court decisions

D.The power to remove cabinet secretaries.


Q 4 OF 20

The ______supported strong state governments because they believed that states would be close to the popular will ?




D.opposing parties.


Q 5 OF 20

President Bush and Governor Blanco struggled to agree about how to respond to Hurricane Katrina due to ?

A.political differences and perceptions of incompetence by both.

B.President Bush never having been in a hurricane before.

C.Governor Blanco being a woman.

D.Mayor Nagin’s lack of emotional response to the disaster.


Q 6 OF 20

The Twenty-seventh Amendment ?

A.lowered the voting age to 18.

B.reinforced the due-process clause

C.specifies parameters for congressional pay raises.

D.liberalizes illegal searches and seizures.


Q 7 OF 20

A shift toward cooperative federalism was evidenced by President Obama’s support of the stimulus bill that included temporary ______funding for _______functions such as education and public safety ?






Q 8 OF 20

Many properties elites, in the 1780s, were convinced that a strong ______government was essential for the country to flourish ?






Q 9 OF 20

Realistic application of constitutional principles depends on ?

A.the hypocrisy of politicians

B.the absolutist language of the document. understanding of the motives of the Framers.

D.current political relationships.


Q 10 OF 20

why was the division of power among the three branches of government an insufficent means to balance thier powers ?

A.The legislature, as the only initiator of laws, could dominate the other two branches.

B.congress has more members than the two branches.

C.Supreme Court judges are impeachable.

D.The president could become a dictator.


Q 11 OF 20

Which of the following presidents is credited with creation of the New Federalism ?

A.Bill Clinton

B.George W.Bush

C.Ronald Regan

D.Jimmy Carter.


Q 12 OF 20

Sates can choose to ignore federal speed limit and other safety requirements if they are willing to forego ______ for highways and roads ?

A.state funding

B.state repairs

C.federal funding

D.federal enforcement.


Q 13 OF 20

The primary motivation of the Framers, according to Charles Beard, was to ?

A.protect thier propoerty rights through creation of a strong national government.

B.provide opportunities for political advancement for the Framers.

C.strengthen states ‘ rights in order to allow more effective resolution of property disputes.

D.create an egalitarian system of property distribution


Q 14 OF 20

Congress proposed all 27 constitutional amendments ?






Q 15 OF 20

The Magna Carta and writings of ______illustrate the English legal hertiage that limited government authority ?

A.John Locke

B.Thomas jefferson

C.Patric Henry

D.James Madison


Q 16 OF 20

Backers of a balanced-budget amendment to the Constitution might consider the following strategy ?

A.seeking support for such an amendment through approval by at least 34 state conventions, as almost occured in the 1980s.

B.mounting a federal court case and seeking appeals to the Supreme Court.

C.pursuing approval of an amendment in the House and Senate, to then be sent to state legislatures.

D.collecting signatures to mount the proposal as national referendum.


Q 17 OF 20

Public education involves the federal government in which of the following ways ?

A.Overseeing local school boards.

B.Forbidding racial discrimination.

C.Ensuring equal funding for all schools.

D.Providing funding for school construction.


Q 18 OF 20

Some might suggest that the Constitution favoured placing power in the hands of economic elites. Which of the following does NOT fit this argument ?

A.The Electoral College

B.The election of senators.

C.The Tenth Amendment

D.The presidential veto.


Q 19 OF 20

Which of the following is a true statement about the Federalists and Anti-Federalists ?

A.Both factions distrusted the power of state governments.

B.Federalists were pessimistic about human nature, and Anti-Federalists were more optimistic about human nature.

C.The Anti-Federalists preferred a nonelected judiciary and elected president.

D.Both factions did not fear foreign threats.


Q 20 OF 20

The Constitution can be amended by ?

A.a two-thirds vote of each house of Congress and three-fourths of the state legislatures.

B.a national referendum.

C.a majority of the Supreme Court and Congress, with the president’s signature.

D.a three-fourth vote of state legislatures and the president’s signature.




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